The Halliwick Concept
The Halliwick Concept was developed by the swimming instructor and engineer of hydromechanics James McMillan MBE and his wife Phyl McMillan, MBE in the late 1940s and early 1950s. The International Halliwick Association (IHA) defines the Halliwick Concept as “an approach to teaching all people, in particular, focussing on those with physical and/or learning difficulties, to participate in water activities, to move independently in water, and to swim.
The Concept is based on hydrostatics, hydrodynamics, and body dynamics. The main goal is to encourage participation in water activities, to encourage independent movement, and to teach swimming. The concept combines the area of mental and physical adaptation to water, relaxation, breathing control, balance, and the acquisition of basic motor skills in the water. The Halliwick concept is based on the following: introduction to water, motor learning, holistic learning, awareness of abilities and achievements in water instead of disability on land, improving the quality of life, and integration of children and people with and without disabilities.
Ten Point Program
The concept is implemented according to a ten-point program that is the basis of the Halliwick Concept. Those ten points follow a logical sequence of progress in water, from initial sensorimotor experiences in the aquatic environment to master the elements of the art of swimming.